ISSN 1995-4301
(Print)

ISSN 2618-8406
(Online)

Current issues:

1 issue of the journal in 2024

4 issue of the journal in 2023

3 issue of the journal in 2023

2 issue of the journal in 2023

Online version of the journal


ExpandSelect viewing options


Comprehensive assessment of the ecological state of the transboundary Narva River

T.V. Kuznetsova, A.B. Manvelova, Y.M. Polyak
Section: Monitoring of natural and anthropogenically disturbed areas
A comprehensive study of the ecological state on the transboundary Narva River (Russia –Estonia border) downstream of Ivangorod, Kingisepp District, Leningrad Region, was carried out. It included the determination of chemical indicators of pollution of the natural river water, with an emphasis on some heavy metals content in water, sediments and soft tissues of local filter-feeding mollusks; the latter were used as bioindicators of river pollution in this location. Zn was determined in maximum concentrations in bottom sediments, then Cu, to a lesser extent Pb, Cd and Ni. The coefficient of metal bioconcentration calculated in soft tissues of mollusks showed maximum for Zn and Cu, to a lesser extent for Pb, Cd and minimum for Ni. However, such values have no negative effect on local biota as shown by physiological testing of bivalves from study site. The functional assessment of bivalves by non-invasive cardiac rhythm recording made it possible to characterize their functional status and adaptive capabilities as good. The relative abundance of hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria in the digestive tract of mollusks from the Narva River has been determined as an indicator of environmental pollution by oil products. It was noted that the number of hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria does not exceed the values characteristic of the reference waters of the Eastern Gulf of Finland. Based on the totality of the studies, it was concluded that the river waters in the studied location can be characterized as slightly polluted and its ecological status as of a good quality.
Keywords: comprehensive assessment of the ecological status, chemical indicators of water quality, heavy metals in sediments and tissues of mollusks, hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria, functional status of bivalves
Link

Click to open

Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-064-072
Views: 8

Toxic effect of ciprofloxacin on the photosynthesis reactions in microalga Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turp.) Bréb.

D.N. Matorin, N.P. Timofeev, A.D. Batakov, D.A. Todorenko, T.K. Antal
Section: Ecotoxicology
Ciprofloxacin (CIP) is widely used broad-spectrum antimicrobial drug of fluoroquinolone family. The widespread use of ciprofloxacin increases its release into the environment. Ciprofloxacin is detected in aquatic ecosystems potentially harming aquatic organisms. The CIP effect on photosynthetic organisms is not fully studied. In this study we examined the CIP effect on green freshwater microalgae Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turp.) Bréb. using chlorophyll fluorescence methods (JIP test parameters and rapid light curves). A significant decrease in the cell number was observed at ≥10 mg/L of сiprofloxacin in comparison with control. Analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence parameters obtained from OJIP transients revealed the changes in photosynthetic reactions in сiprofloxacin treatment. Ciprofloxacin was found to inhibit electron transport rate in photosystem II (PSII). The decrease in the quantum yield of electron transport in photosystem II (φEo) was accompanied by the decrease in performance index (PIABS) and an increase in energy dissipation (DI0/RC). Ciprofloxacin enhanced the photosensitivity of microalgae but did not inhibit the recovery of photosynthetic activity after the photooxidative stress. In this regard the effect of CIP differs from that of the well-known antibiotic chloramphenicol that inhibits the resynthesis of plastid proteins and, accordingly, the recovery of photosynthetic activity associated with the resynthesis of PSII protein D1. Among the fluorescence parameters, PIABS was found to be the most stress-specific; therefore it can be proposed to detect an early toxic CIP effect in microalgae.
Keywords: ciprofloxacin, Scenedesmus quadricauda, chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthesis, bioassay

Click to open

Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-150-156
Views: 9

Photodegradation of polylactide with phenol and aniline terpene derivatives additives

V.A. Belyy, I.M. Kuzivanov, I.V. Fedorova, O.A. Shumova, E.M. Tropnikov, E.I. Istomina, I.Yu. Chukicheva, A.V. Kuchin
Section: Ecologization of industry
The article is devoted to the development of new photostabilizers of polylactide, a polymer that is an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil-based polymers. The new photostabilizers are designed to extend the life of products when exposed to ultraviolet radiation and maintain the performance of the polymer when recycled. Photostabilizers 2-isobor-nylphenol and N-para-mentenaniline were obtained while the available natural monoterpene camphene alkylation of phenol or aniline. Irradiation of polylactide samples with a photostabilizer was carried out by radiation with 253,7 nm wavelength for 4 h. The effectiveness of the photostabilizer was evaluated on the basis of IR spectrometric data, as well as by scanning electron microscopy and simultaneous thermal analysis. The introduction of each of the selected stabilizers at the concentration of 0.05% by weight resulted in the protection of ester bonds between the monomer units of the polymer. However, 2-isobornylphenol was more effective. The IR spectra analysis of the irradiated samples revealed a 15% decrease in the absorption intensity of the characteristic bands of the ester groups in the sample with 2-isobornyl-phenol, 46% in the sample with N-para-mentenaniline, and 50% in the sample without stabilizer addition. Thus, the use of 2-isobornylphenol as a photoprotective additive will extend the service life of polylactide plastic products under exposure to aggressive UV-C radiation. The protection of polylactide from UV radiation opens up prospects for expanding the areas of application of polylactide, a polymer synthesized from renewable raw materials.
Keywords: bioplastics, photodegradation, polylactide, photoprotectors

Click to open

Click to open

Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-106-112
Views: 2

Fire frequency index of linden forests in the Jewish Autonomous Region

A.M. Zubareva, T. A. Rubtsova, V.A. Zubarev
Section: Monitoring of natural and anthropogenically disturbed areas
Based on expeditionary work in the period 2003–2018 we compile a map of linden forests locations in the Jewish Autonomous Region (JAR). An inventory map of forest fires was created using data on forest fire registration of the Forest Management Department of the JAR Government for 2017–2020. The number, area, and configuration of the burned areas were determined by superimposing of these maps. The analysis of fire-damaged forests shows that during the study period fires were observed in all forest formation with linden. Their total number was 174. The most of fires (33%) noted in 2018 and the fewest (15%) – in 2017. The average annual number of fires in 2017–2020 was 44. The largest area affected by the pyrogenic factor was observed in 2018. The smallest area (7.5%) of linden forests were fire-transformed in 2020. The average area of one fire is 653 hectares. This corresponds to 64% of the total fire-affected area in the studied vegetation formations. The black birch and oak park-type forests, sometimes with linden, larch, with silverspike-and-forbs cover and forbs-and-pinegrass meadows were most affected by fire. We analyzed the spatial distribution of the fire-damaged forests and established its main patterns as well as identified the areas of repeated burnout. In the most of the JAR linden forests fires have a one-time character. Local areas are subject to multiple burnout; the causes of their high multiple ignition require further study. In this regard, forest fires is a factor that significantly contributes to the reduction of the honey-bearing lands of the JAR.
Keywords: forest fires, fire frequency index, linden forests, Russian Far East

Click to open

Click to open

Click to open

Click to open

Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-090-096
Views: 2

Stress effect of crude biocide of actinobacteria Streptomyces geldanamycininus Z374 on cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa

T.B. Zaytseva, A.D. Russu, N.G. Medvedeva
Section: Population ecology
Over the past decades, as a result of anthropogenic pollution and global warming, the frequency, intensity and geographical distribution of the mass development of microalgae and cyanobacteria in water bodies have significantly increased. The Microcystis species are responsible for most cases of the cyanobacterial blooms in freshwater bodies worldwide. Microcystis aeruginosa is the most commonly observed of them. In this work, we assessed the stress effect of isolated from actinobacteria Streptomyces geldanamycininus cyanocidal crude biocide Z374 (CB Z374) on the cyanobacteria M. aeruginosa. The results showed that CB Z374 significantly inhibited M. aeruginosa biomass. The CB Z374 half maximal effective concentration (EC50) for M. aeruginosa after 96 hours of treatment was 5 mg/L. The growth of M. aeruginosa with CB Z374 is characterized by an increase in the duration of the lag-phase, a decrease in the specific growth rate and biomass yield compared to the control. CB Z374 caused oxidative stress in cyanobacteria cells, determined by the elevated levels of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) up to 1.6 times, as well as an increased permeability of M. aeruginosa cell membranes by 1.5 times. The levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities and reduced glutathione (GSH) content raised in response to oxidative stress. M. aeruginosa growth inhibition was accompanied by a photosynthesis modification: the photosynthetic pigments phycobiliproteins and carotenoids content increases by 2.3 and 1.6 times respectively and the chlorophyll a content decreases by 1.2 times. CB Z374 inhibited M. aeruginosa photosynthesis, which was expressed in a decline in the maximum quantum efficiency of photosystem II – Fv/Fm by 10% and a reduction in the electron transfer rate (ETR) by 18%. We assume that oxidative stress and, as a result, cell membranes damage and photosynthesis inhibition are the main mechanisms of the cyanocidal action of CB Z374 on M. aeruginosa.
Keywords: crude biocide Z374, Streptomyces geldanamycininus, Microcystis aeruginosa, oxidative stress, cell membrane, photosynthesis

Click to open

Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-175-183
Views: 5

Effect of microbiological preparations and nitrogen application on the processes associated with sequestration of organic carbon in typical slightly eroded chernozem soil

N.P. Masyutenko, A.V. Kuznetsov, M.N. Masyutenko, N.A. Chuyan, G.M. Breskina
Section: Agroecology
Organic carbon sequestration is a present-day topical issue. The effect of a biological preparation based on Trichoderma viride and a biological preparation based on Pseudomonas aureofacieens, used to treat shredded by-products of crops before embedding them in the soil, and applied N10 kg PPN per 1 ton of by-products (N) was studied. The research was carried out in 2018–2020 in FSBSI “Kursk FARC” in a stationary field experiment with biopreparations (Kursk Region, Medvensky District, village of Panino) in a typical slightly eroded chernozem soil in a grain crop rotation link (spring barley – buckwheat – fodder beans). It was found that the use of biological preparations separately or together with N contributed to the soil sequestration of carbon in the topsoil, significant accumulation of humus carbon reserves was 2.2 and 2.4 times higher than that in the control, and the application of only N10 kg PPN with 1 ton of plant residues ensured the preservation of humus carbon reserves. Carbon reserves in the by-products, crop and root residues of the cultivated crops in the topsoil when using biological preparations were higher than those in the control. A direct high relationship was revealed between the average amount of carbon dioxide released from the soil during the vegetation of fodder beans and the amount of carbon from their by-products, crop and root residues entering the soil layers of 0–10 cm and 0–20 cm, correlation coefficients were 0.87 and 0.80. The efficiency of soil carbon sequestration in the topsoil when using biological preparations separately or together with nitrogen exceeded that of the control, respectively 2.0 and 2.1 times, and of shredded by-products with N10 PPN per 1 ton only 1.5 times.
Keywords: organic carbon, binding efficiency, microbiological preparations, by-products, crop and root residues, typical slightly eroded chernozem soil, CO2 emission
Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-113-121
Views: 4

Zoobentos of the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa River at the Lomonosov diamond deposit

M.A. Studenova, I.I. Studenov, A.G. Zavisha, A.T. Lapikova
Section: Monitoring of natural and anthropogenically disturbed areas
22 invertebrate taxons of zoobenthos were found over the entire study period in the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa River at the Lomonosov diamond deposit. The number of sampling points (stations) for monitoring period is 6. The average number of taxons per station for the entire monitoring period is 11, ranging from 3 to 16. Almost annually, larvae of chironomidae were found at all stations in samples; the frequency of them for all stations over the entire monitoring period was 94%. In addition, the mayfly larvae (89%), diptera larvae (85%), оligochaeta (82%) and hydrachna (78%) were the most common. The average value of the Shannon index as a whole on the studied part of the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa river system for the period 2000–2021 amounted to 1.87, varying from 0.76 (the Svetly Creek, 2016) up to 2.9 (the Svetlaya River). The Margalef species wealth index as a whole on the studied part of the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa River was 0.85. The Pielu equalization index averaged 0.58, indicating the presence of dominant taxons in samples. The number of invertebrates on the studied section of the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa River over the years of monitoring varied from 110 to 28375 spec/m2, averaging 5369 spec/m2. The biomass of invertebrates on the studied part of the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa River over the years ranged from 0.026 to 29.060 g/m2, on average – 4.015 g/m2. Despite the lack of negative impact on the river ecosystem, one of the dominant groups in the zoobenthos is оligochaeta, the proportion of which varied from 4.4% at 148 km from the mouth of the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa River up to 24.1% at 152 km. Taking into account the relatively high proportion of oligochetes in benthic samples, an oligochete index was used to assess water quality in the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa River. In general, the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa river system is estimated as pure – the average оligochaeta index for all sampling points for the entire monitoring period was 8%. One-time increases in the оligochaeta index to maximum values suggest a slight contamination of the river based on the index gradation. These increases are likely related to natural processes in the river system, as evidenced by high оligochaeta index values at the upper sampling points (169 km) located outside the deposit area.
Keywords: Zimnyaya Zolotitsa river, zoobenthos, taxonomic composition, number, biomass
Link

Click to open

Click to open

Click to open

Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-054-063
Views: 7

Ultrastructure of forest-forming conifers ectomycorrhyzas in the middle taiga subzone

S.N. Plyusnina
Section: Methodology and research methods. Models and forecasts
Mycorrhiza are symbiotic formations of fungus and roots and are the main organs of nutrient uptake by land plants. The formation of ectomycorrhizae allows trees to dominate the vegetation cover of the boreal zone. Pinus sylvestris L., Picea obovata Ledeb. и Abies sibirica Ledeb. are forest-forming conifers of the Komi Republic. Transmission electron microscopy shows that the fungal sheath of mycorrhiza is most developed in A. sibirica. The Hartig net in all studied trees extends deep into the primary cortex to the endodermis. Glycogen accumulates in the cytoplasm and polyphosphate-containing granules (volutin) in the vacuoles of young fungal cells. Starch accumulates in the cells of primary cortex and central cylinder of young ectomycorrhizae. Reserve substances disappear in the sheath and the Hartig net as the mycorrhiza ages, and starch can remain in the central cylinder. A stable presence of reserve substances was noted at the beginning and in the middle of the growing season. There is an active growth of sucking roots and the formation of ectomycorrhizae during this period in the middle taiga subzone. The occurrence of glycogen and polyphosphate-containing granules in fungal cells is reduced in the autumn period. This is due to a decrease in the intensity of growth processes and the prevalence of physiologically inactive mycorrhizal endings. The starch decrease in the amyloplasts of the primary cortex cells and the central cylinder of ectomycorrhizae is associated with a seasonal decrease in its content in all tree organs, preparation of the plant for the season with low temperatures.
Keywords: Pinus sylvestris L., Picea obovata Ledeb., Abies sibirica Ledeb., ectomycorrhyzae, ultrastructure

Click to open

Click to open

Click to open

Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-031-039
Views: 5

The role of the oxidation processes in toxigenization of the nature water after the public utility accident

L.N. Shishkina, A.Yu. Povkh, V.O. Shvydkiy
Section: Ecotoxicology
As known, the lipid peroxidation processes play an important role in regulation of the metabolism in the biological system of varying complexity. Besides, it is shown that the state of the physicochemical regulatory system of the lipid peroxidation is a base for the ecological monitoring, and the disruptions in the redox-state of the natural water is due to a development of its toxic properties. However, the status of lipid peroxidation process after the public utility accident is poorly studied. The aim of this work was to study dynamics of the lipid composition and its physicochemical properties in samples of the Dubna River water after the accident with sewer in Verbilki (June 2020) to assess their role in toxigenization of the nature water. The low content of hydrophobic compounds and no phospholipids identified in the natural water before the accident. Five days after the accident, the content of the hydrophobic compound was 8.4 times higher than the initial value. Within 9 days after the accident, the phospholipids in water samples are predominantly in the easily oxidizable fractions. These data are confirmed by UV-spectrophotometry and TLC methods. The data obtained and the literature analysis allow us to conclude that a significant increase in the content of hydrophobic compounds (including ketodienes and fat acids) with pronounced toxic properties and lytic effect on biological membranes causes toxigenization of natural water.
Keywords: phospholipids, ketodienes, fat acids, UV-spectrophotometry, thin-layer chromatography, toxicity

Click to open

Click to open

Click to open

Click to open

Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-141-149
Views: 2

Self-purification of atmospheric air from dust particles in a coastal marine climate

L.V. Veremchuk, T.I. Vitkina, L.S Barskova
Section: Ecology and climate change
The intensity of air pollution depends on the characteristics of pollution sources, distance from the sea, terrain, density of residential buildings and the presence of a green zone. The influence of climatic conditions on the distribution of suspended particulate matter in the atmospheric surface layer of Vladivostok was studied. The aim of the study was to determine the particle size distribution of suspended particulate matter in the atmospheric surface layer and to assess the conditions for self-purification of urban air under the influence of the coastal maritime climate. The assessment of the urban air pollution with suspended particulate matter was carried out in two areas with different levels of pollution. The human breathing zone was examined. The temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind direction and speed at sampling points were determined. We used monitoring of meteorological data (dew point, wind gusts, clouds, fog) from the nearest regional meteorological stations. Statistical processing included the “Canonical Analysis” module. In the polluted area of the city the atmospheric circulation (direction, speed and gusts of wind) greatly affect the distribution of fine-dispersed particles (2.5–10.0 µm) that are hazardous to health. The impact of temperature and humidity conditions is reduced in power. The temperature and humidity regime, atmospheric pressure, cloudiness with frequent fog affect the ultrafine dust spectrum in the slightly polluted island area of the city. The above factors contribute to the enhancement of the nanoparticle nucleation process. Self-purification of the air surface layer from dust particles in both polluted and slightly polluted areas of Vladivostok is associated with the southerly winds. The monsoon maritime climate defines the air purifying in the region. The temperature and humidity regime actively affects the dust disperse composition in both sampling sites. In the island area of the city it determines the content of particles up to 10 µm; in the continental area – fractions of 0.1–50.0 µm.
Keywords: dust particles, air surface layer, monsoon climate, self-purification of the atmosphere
Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-199-208
Views: 2

Pages: previous 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 next

Рейтинг@Mail.ru

36, Moskovskya street, Kirov, 610000, Editorial Board "Theoretical and Applied Ecology."

Phone/fax: (8332) 37-02-77

e-mail: envjournal@vyatsu.ru

The journal was founded in 2007