ISSN 1995-4301

ISSN 2618-8406

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Obtaining and application iodinated bactericide for water disinfection in local treatment systems

N.V. Vedeneeva, E.I. Tikhomirova, A.V. Koshelev, V. F. Golovkov
Section: Social ecology
The paper presents the results of studies on obtaining a bactericide based on iodized anion exchange resin АВ-17-8. The obtained compound bactericidal efficiency was assessed on Escherichia сoli culture suspensions at 103–109 CFU/mL. All experiments gave positive results and demonstrated the possibility of their use for natural water treatment in local water treatment systems. The obtained bactericidal filter can be used for quantitative determination of bacteriological contamination of the studied waters. Water samples contaminated with E. coli at 500, 1000, 5000 and 10000 CFU/mL were prepared to quantify the bactericidal activity of the iodine-containing compound obtained on an anion-exchange resin. Then samples were sequentially passed through a 100 cm3 bactericidal filter. By the amount of iodine released, the degree of microbial contamination can be determined. There were no microbial cells in the filtrate at zero concentrations of released iodine in the solution. The degree of microbiological contamination of water Q was 10,000 CFU/mL at 0.00391 g/L of iodine. A linear dependence between bactericidal activity and iodine release from the anion-exchange resin was established. This allows us to assume that the positive iodine radical is released “on a signal” – at the appearance of living microorganisms carrying excessive electrostatic charge. The released by the bactericide positive iodine radical (I*+) interacts only with the electrostatic charge of microorganisms, and not with the functional groups of their shells. The found quantitative dependence makes it possible to determine microbiological contamination based on the iodine concentration in the treated solution. Based on the test results, a flowchart of the technological process of surface water treatment was proposed. The presence of a bactericidal filter allows the use of a reverse osmosis filter, sensitive to biological water contaminants, as part of the installation.
Keywords: water disinfection, water bactericides, iodinated quaternary ammonium bases, disinfection on a signal
Article published in number 1 for 2024
DOI: 10.25750/1995-4301-2024-1-218-227
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The journal was founded in 2007