A conceptual approach to diagnosing the ecological and economic security of the region
E.V. Karanina, V.M. Karaulov, K.E. Кartavykh
Section: Social ecology
The article deals with the problems of the regions from the standpoint of the concept of environmental and economic security. The concept and essence of ecological and economic security is disclosed, including from the standpoint of the ecosystem. In particular, the balanced functioning of the regional ecosystem implies the preservation of biological diversity and ecological balance, at least the intensity of the impact of the regional ecosystem on the natural ecosystem should not increase. A methodology for assessing such an impact based on the index of environmental well-being and the results of its testing in the subjects of the Volga Federal District in 2010-2020 are proposed. On the example of the Kirov region, an analysis of the costs of environmental protection measures, the dynamics of investments in fixed assets aimed at protecting the environment and rational use of the region’s natural resources is presented. The volume and structure of receipts of payments for the use of natural resources are determined. From the point of view of the ecological and economic security of the region, the aspect of taxation, which takes into account the negative impact on the environment, is considered. The necessity of forming a unified state policy aimed at preventing internal and external threats to environmental and economic security is substantiated. The article also proves the importance of forming an environmental and economic strategy approved at the legislative level, which will become a tool for achieving sustainable development of Russian regions.
Keywords: environmental and economic security, ecosystem of the region, natural resources, environmental protection costs, man-made pollution, index of environmental well-being